Foot pain and soreness are common people over the age of 50 because people start losing their fat padding on the bottom of their foot. Areas such as the ball and heel of the foot bear most of the body’s weight and are protected by fat pads that are thick. However, these fat pads start to deteriorate by our mid-thirties.
To prevent and treat foot pain and soreness, you should wear appropriate footwear with padded socks when engaging in activities on hard surfaces. There are many published studies that have shown clinically-tested padded socks protect the soft tissue of the foot from injuries and thus, reduce pain and soreness.
Other causes of pain and soreness in the ball and heel of the foot are plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, Haglund’s deformity, and Tarsal tunnel syndrome. Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of fibrous tissue connecting the bottom of the heel bone to the ball of the foot. This can be treated through a variety of methods such as rest, stretching, arch supports, anti-inflammatory topical medications, and surgery.
Heel spurs are bumps that develop on the edge of the heel and the pain can be relieved by foot taping, stretching, and joint mobilization. Haglund’s deformity is a bone enlargement at the back of the heel bone where the Achilles tendon attaches to the heel. Treatment includes wearing padded socks, icing, and soft-tissue massages. Lastly, Tarsal tunnel syndrome is the compression of the tibial nerve that runs from the ankle to the rear of the foot and produces soreness and pain. Treatment includes warming up before vigorous activity and stretching.
If you have heel spurs, plantar fasciitis, or feel any pain on your feet, contact a podiatrist right away to get a diagnosis and discuss possible treatment options. Contact us to schedule a consultation with one of our podiatrists!