People with diabetes have an increased risk of different kinds of foot problems. The 2 main complications that cause foot problems in diabetics are peripheral artery disease (PAD) and peripheral neuropathy. Diabetic foot problems occur due to the decreased sensation from nerve damage as well as the lack of oxygen delivery to the feet caused by vascular disease.
Foot causing conditions that Diabetic people experience include athlete’s foot, toenail fungus, calluses, corns, blisters, bunions, dry skin, ulcers, hammertoes, ingrown toenails and plantar warts. These conditions are not specific to diabetic people but are common due to the nerve and vascular damage caused by diabetes.
A bunion forms when your big toe bends toward the rest of your toes. The joint where your big toe connects to the foot often becomes red and callused. The joint may also stick out and become hard. It can appear on one or both feet. Most of the time, bunions are caused by wearing high-heeled shoes with narrow toes but it can also be genetic. The ill-fitting shoes put pressure and push the big toe toward the second toe.
Hammertoes are formed when the toes bent because of a weakened muscle. The tendons in the toe become shorter due to the weakened muscles. This causes the toe to curl under the foot. Like Bunions, it can run in families or be caused by improper footwear that is too short. Hammertoes can cause problems with walking and can lead to blisters, calluses, and sores.
Ingrown toenails happen when the edges of the nail grow into the skin. It causes pain and pressure on the sides of the toe. The nail cutting into the skin causes redness, swelling and pain. Severe cases may be infected. Ingrown toenails are also caused by pressure from shoes as well as improperly trimmed nails, crowding of the toes, and repeated trauma to the feet from running, walking.
If you have any of these conditions or other foot related issues, our foot doctors are here to help. Contact us to schedule a consultation with one of our podiatrists!