Bunions can interfere with daily activities like walking and exercising. Many women have this deformity of the joint at the base of the big toe. Bunions develop when the bone of the big toe turns pointing toward the smaller toes. This makes the joint to pop out, causing a bulge on the inner side of the foot. Most shoes do not accommodate the protrusion by the bunion, so wearing closed shoes puts pressure on the joint. Eventually, the bursa or the cushion surrounding this joint becomes inflamed. This causes the joint to become stiff and painful.
Many women develop bunions because of the style of shoes that women usually wear. Bunions are 10 times more common in women than men. Older women are more likely to develop bunions as they grow older. It develops in feet that are regularly squeezed into narrow or pointed shoes. This style pushes the big toes inward together with the other toes. High heels can also cause this problem; it tips the body’s weight forward. This puts the pressure on the big toe and forces toes toward the front of the shoe.
Bunions do not only come from pointy shoes. It can also run in families. Foot types are hereditary, some types like feet with low arches or flat feet are more prone to bunions than others. People with work that involves a lot of standing and walking like teachers and nurses are also susceptible to bunions. Ballet dancers especially are prone to bunions due to the repetitive stress that their feet suffer.
People can prevent bunions by taking measures that take the pressure off the joint of the big toe. Bunions can be treated conservatively and generally don’t require surgery. Surgery may be required if there’s an underlying deformity or if the pain persists after trying conservative treatments.
If you have a bunion or feel any pain on your feet, consult with a podiatrist right away to discuss possible treatment options. Contact us to schedule a consultation with one of our podiatrists!